Ace: Answers to the carbon economy

    ACE (Answers to the Carbon Economy) is a project within the 2 Seas programme of the Interreg IV A framework and runs from July 2011 until September 2014. Its aim is to facilitate the necessary transition towards a low carbon economy at individual company, business cluster, and business park level up to the regional level. A number of case studies is studied and implemented at each level, the energy profile of three companies is being monitored, and an extensive low carbon business park manual is the project deliverable. The ACE project tasks are combined with in-depth PhD research in the field of techno-economic energy system modelling and environomic power dispatch control for low carbon business parks (Phd Jonas Timmerman).
    The low carbon business park manual comprises 9 theoretical chapters and 1 chapter describing the case studies. First, climate and energy policy on European and national level is analysed and a comparison is made between energy policy measures in five neighbouring countries. The concept of low carbon business parks is explained and illustrated, followed by the theoretical description of a business park energy system, its components and interconnections. Then, the energy consumption profile at company level is qualitatively analysed and broken down into energy services, time profiles and temperature profiles. Energy management and energy efficiency measures at building and process level are described. Furthermore, a short introduction into the Pinch analysis method is presented which can be used to assess the energy saving potential of heat exchange at company or park level. In addition, total site analysis at business park level is introduced. An overview of energy production technologies is provided, together with their main techno-economic characteristics. A next chapter focuses on energy clustering and energy synergies between companies, followed by a chapter of smart energy management, power dispatch and demand response. To conclude, the final chapter sets out the organisational process of grass-root development and retrofit of low carbon business parks.